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Boletín 1296

Attorney General's Office presents report on sexual violence in armed conflict under

Fuente: PGN
Fecha Publicación:

Under the Transitional Justice Fund and the UNDP Coexistence Program, the Attorney General's Office, through the Attorney General for the Prevention Field of Human Rights and Ethnic Affairs, presented the monitoring report to the board 006 / 2011-guidelines to address the fight against impunity in cases of sexual violence within the Colombian conflict-especially perpetrated against women.

During the dialogue held with women's organizations, the Office reported that those in Colombia, for reasons of social status and gender, has hit the singular and terrible internal conflict. Sexual violence, widespread and pervasive, it has been a tactic of war. The armed groups have used to reward or humiliate the enemy troops.

Multiple circumstances make women, girls and adolescents are more vulnerable to sexual violence: patriarchal culture, discrimination against them because of gender stereotypes, asymmetric relations, practices of domination, submission and obedience to the assumed as second class citizens, symbolic buildings assigned to man the decisions and the domain. All this is explained as structural violence, and that concerns the personal, family and social, cultural dynamics plays that undermine human dignity.

The Inspector acknowledged some efforts of various state agencies aimed at protecting the rights of women. He has worked in the interests of research and development in the area of ​​the recent Act Victims, as well as extensive work in raising awareness and support to civil servants and civil society organizations on issues gender, gender-based violence and sexual violence.

Notwithstanding these achievements, challenges remain state. Attorney considers that the actions taken so far fail to ensure access to effective justice and restitution of rights of women and children victims of sexual violence in the context of the conflict.

In the survey "Sexual violence against women in the context of armed conflict in Colombia" Intermon-work of Oxfam, released in 2010 and referred to the period 2001-2009, there are some data: 489,687 female victims that period; 54,410 per year, daily 149, 6 hourly. They were rape (94 565), forced prostitution (7754), coerced pregnancy (26 353) forced abortion (27 058), enforced sterilization (19 422) sexual harassment (175 873), forced domestic service (48 554), regulation of social life ( 326 891).

Control Authority concludes, comparing such a scenario of violation of rights under the state endeavor to realize this report, which has not passed the unconstitutional state of affairs, institutional gaps remain in terms of prevention, care and access to justice for victims. Faced with this situation continues over time we must not forget that significant periods have elapsed since it was issued Resolution 1325 of Security Council United Nations, more than ten years, from the mission in Colombia, 2001, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on violence against women, almost ten years, and from the Auto 092/2008 of the Constitutional Court ½ -3 years.

For the prosecution is clear, while recognizing the state's efforts referrals, we analyze the reality has not changed, continues the infringement of rights especially and disproportionately subsystems judging by the low percentage of convictions, including other procedural realities-the pattern of impunity. And it is appropriate to dwell on the approach of the international law of Human Rights referred to impunity is itself a cause of violence, contributes to social and cultural dynamics that encourage violence against women and children.

Notice the Attorney General, regarding the state must be at hand in terms of justice, restitution of rights and dignity effective life, which in most cases the information provided to the Attorney by state agencies does not account for design of public policies that raise efficiency in the medium and long term. Attorney is not a strategic plan that illustrates, through qualitative and quantitative information about goals and commitments that aim to overcome the situation as problematic object of this analysis.

The Attorney General's Office, continuing the monitoring of the Directive 006/2011, and the preventive purpose of promoting the fundamental right of access to justice and specialized care to qualify under a gender perspective and Human Rights victims of sexual violence in the context of armed conflict, calls for a series of public entities that, by the first of March 2012, sent to the Prosecutor for the Prevention Field of Human Rights and Ethnic Affairs specific information according to their functional duty in the subject matter, policy, plans, programs and projects to envision a path of change from the structural causes of impunity, discrimination and violence in question.

Such appeal must be met through quality strategic information quantitatively and qualitatively allow the Public Ministry and the general public to value and measure the means and ends proposed. That is, public bodies should illustrate about the dynamics of planning that aimed at improving process efficiency: real restitution, effective rights.

Entities and the issues of this warrant are as follows:

• The Attorney General's Office investigation regarding the facts guarantee the victims access to justice; incidence of technical committees on the progress of legal proceedings; consolidation and updating of the database on crimes in question; advancement of official investigations, attention to the differential approach victims in order to avoid re-victimization (implementation of the Memorandum 0117), training of international standards on servers in sexual violence, provision of technical, human and logistical facilitate access to justice in vulnerable populations, disabled, LGBT, women and indigenous and Afro-Colombian girls, effective protection measures with a gender perspective and to allude to participation in court proceedings; efficacy against privacy restrictive management of victims and procedural information, coverage and impact of CAIV in advancing judicial and psychosocial care with continuous support and ongoing.

• Judges of the Republic in respect of compensation assume the moral and material rehabilitation measures that include medical care, psychiatric counseling and psychosocial approach, protective measures including gender participation in judicial proceedings.

• The Presidential Agency for Social Action and international cooperation on access to administrative compensation.

• The Ministry of Interior and Justice on measures of effective protection, regulatory compliance deadlines, participation in judicial proceedings, sufficient coverage and gender in risk studies.

• The Ministry of Social Protection on implementation of the "Model Comprehensive Health Care for Victims of Sexual Violence" and its real impact on physical health, psychological and psychiatric care for victims before us.

• The Ombudsman's Office in terms of implementation and coverage of the "Protocol for psicojurídica orientation of women, girls and children victims of sexual violence in the context of armed conflict"; progress in hiring and coverage of public defenders.

• The Forces in terms of the impact of curricular work, preventive, awareness and training about sexual violence in the context of conflict, compared to records of faults and behaviors of their servers in this issue.

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